Wireless Security Right Out of the Box
Securing information you transmit while using a wireless device has never been easier. I wish this was not the case but in the real world this happens every day, people go down to their local electronics store, buy a wireless router put the box under their arm and off they go.
Arriving at their destination they open the box reach in and pullout the device. Connect the Ethernet cable to the port on the device while connecting the other end to the LAN or ISP. Now they elevate the antennas and presto the device has magically connected them to the Internet and to their LAN.
If you surf the Internet and send an occasional email you will probably experience no problems with this type of out of the box configuration. But the instant you start banking online, paying bills online and making online purchases you will absolutely have to secure your connection. It has to be done correctly and the means encryption of the information you wish to transmit. That means WPA2 certification along with AES-CCMP encryption protocol.
The following are basic configuration options which I recommend should be implemented before connecting the device to the Internet:
1. Update firmware: It's always a good idea to periodically check with the manufacturer of your wireless device to make sure you have the latest firmware version. Manufacturers periodically update firmware for several reasons; one of the most important is to fix security vulnerabilities.
2. Change the default password: Changing the administrative password on your device is part of the basic configuration that you should perform the very moment you connect the device. Using a strong password is another way you can make it just a little more difficult for anyone trying to get access to your wireless device covertly.
3. Change default IP address: Changing the default IP address on your device is a basic configuration issues and changing it to an IP address that fits you network and your management needs is just good practice to follow.
4. Change the default SSID name: The service set identification (SSID) defines a name for your wireless network. Unfortunately the SSID name can easily be discovered by hackers; therefore changing the SSID name is for the benefit of the passive probes and to makes it convenient for those that need to identify your wireless network before connecting.
5. Enable broadcasting the SSID: There is no way to complete hide the SSID, therefore disabling the SSID will not strengthen the security of your wireless network. Hackers are clearly not running short on information about how to go about discovering your SSID when your wireless network is not beaconing.
6. Disable remote management: This feature provides direct access to the management and configuration of your wireless device from a remote location over the Internet. Disable this feature unless remote management is absolutely necessary. Enabling this feature is a significant security risk to your wireless network and your wireless device.
7. Disable management via wireless: This feature provides direct access to the management and configuration of your wireless device from another wireless device on your wireless network. You can disable this feature then whenever you need to make changes to the configuration of your wireless device; you simple connect a computer to one of the Ethernet ports on your wireless device and your set.
8. Enable encryption: WAP2 with AES is the best encryption method available at the moment. Set the security mode of your wireless device to WAP2 Personal and the encryption mode to AES (Advanced Encryption Standard). Make sure your passphrase is strong that means making the length close to max and using uppercase and lowercase letters along with numbers when constructing your passphrase (don't forget to save this passphrase in a safe place.)
9. Physical security for device: You have taken the time to configure your wireless device in other to protect your wireless network from intruders. Now you have to protect the device itself by placing it in a safe location where it's out of reach of those that may wish to press the reset button on the device. Let's not forget that pressing the reset button will set the device back to its factory defaults. You may also not want people to connect directly to the Ethernet ports on your device without your permission.
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Wireless Range Extender 101 – Tom's Hardware
Tom’s HardwareWireless Range Extender 101Tom’s HardwareThe router's reset button and flash a … The most difficult step in configuring your range extender is usually connecting to the configuration page, particularly after the device has been connected to your network and it pulls an IP address using DHCP.